Git - Open Source Version Control Software

Git Free Version Control Software

Free Version Control System For Source Code Management

Distributed version control system for handling any type of projects. Keeps track of software resources and make efficient development processes.

 

In real life, multiple developers work on a single project in parallel. Each developer is working on individual tasks or part of a big assignment. It’s very difficult for managing the code and then integrate modifications from all developers. Therefore, we need to have VCS (Version Control System) system in order to deal with this use case.

Version Control System (VCS) is a software that allows developers to collaborate and retain a full work history. The Version Control System allows developers to work concurrently and keeps a history of each version. The major types of VCS are: Centralized Version Control and Distributed Version Control System.

Git is free and open source distributed version control software. It is commonly used for handling project source code in software development. Git helps you store code, track the history of versions, and merge code changes. It can also revert to the previous version of the code when needed.

Git’s way of thinking about its data is the big difference between Git and other VCS such as Subversion. VCS systems other than Git store data as a list of changes and store it as a collection of files. Git treats data as a series of filesystem snapshots. It takes a snapshot of all your files and stores a reference to that snapshot.

Git has powerful features such as free & open source, fast, implicit backup, secure, and branching. It uses SHA1 (Secure Hash Function) to name and tag objects. It’s very simple to manage branches in Git. You can easily create, delete, and merge branches.

Git has three main states for your files such as Working Directory, Staging Area, and Local Repository. First, you add all modifications to the working directory, then add to the staging area, and finally commit to the repository.

System Requirements

Git does not has any unique criteria for installation. Please check the installation section.

Features

  • Open Source
  • Distributed System
  • Compatibility
  • Non-linear Development
  • Branching
  • Lightweight
  • Speed
  • Reliable
  • Secure

Installation Instructions

Installing on Linux

Run below command for RPM-based distribution such as RHEL or CentOS.

sudo dnf install git-all

Run command for Debian-based distribution such as Ubuntu.

sudo apt install git-all

Installing on macOS

Use below command On Mavericks (10.9) or above.

git --version

It will prompt you to install it, if you have not already installed..

Installing on Windows

Visit https://git-scm.com/download/win and the download will start automatically for your operating system.