The Flexible Platform Empowering Website Creators

Joomla! is an award-winning content management system (CMS), which enables you to build web sites and powerful online applications.

 

Joomla is a powerful free open source Content Management System (CMS) software. It is a software which keeps track of all the data which is available on the website. It helps in modifying and publishing the content of the website. It is being widely used for building websites and online applications. Joomla is developed using PHP, MySql and it follows Object Oriented Programming and software design patterns. It has a secured back-end system and ensures the safety of data content and doesn't allow other users to edit the data.

Joomla allows to build websites and online applications easily without having programming knowledge.

System Requirements

In order to install Joomla 3.x, you must have the following softwares

  • PHP 7.3+
  • MySQL 5.5.3 + / PostgreSQL 9.1 +
  • Apache 2.4 + / Nginx 1.8 + / Microsoft IIS 7

Features

Following are the key features of joomla

  • Multilingual.
  • SEO.
  • Flexible.
  • Opensource.
  • Easy Feature enhancement.
  • Management of Users (ACL).
  • Management of Menu.
  • Management of Cache.
  • Overide templates.
  • Layout (Jlayouts).
  • Assignment of templates.
  • Mobile friendly.
  • Less integration.
  • Frameworks for templates.
  • User can write own templates.
  • Publishing tools.
  • WYSIWYG editor.
  • Content versioning/ Multiple Revisions.
  • Article management.
  • Visual editing.
  • Editor buttons.
  • Drag & Drop edit content.
  • Media files manager:.
  • Categories.
  • Redirects.
  • Banners for advertisement.
  • Contacts.
  • Tags.
  • Feeds.
  • Custom fields.
  • Advance Search.
  • Messaging system.
  • Easily core update.
  • Easily extensions update.
  • Install extensions from web.
  • Complete documentation.
  • Help system integrated.
  • Joomla Forum
  • Developer documentation.
  • Library implementation of Microdata.
  • PHP latest version support.
  • Guideline for Secure Coding.
  • Joomla extensive follows MVC design pattern.
  • Create both web and command line applications using Framework.
  • Flexible Routing system.

Installation Instructions

Install Joomla CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS with Nginx

Nginx is the most popular and secure web server. In order to install Nginx, use the following command

 sudo apt install nginx 

Once the Nginx is install, configure the domain and restart the Nginx by using the following command

 sudo service nginx restart 

Next, need to install database Server, use the following command to install MySql server

 sudo apt-get update;  sudo apt-get install mysql-server; mysql_secure_installation 

Once, the database server is installed, use the following command to restart MySql server

 sudo service mysql restart 

Next step is to install PHP 7.3. First make sure your Ubuntu server have the latest packages by running the following command

 sudo apt update 
sudo apt upgrade

Next, add the ondrej/php which has PHP 7.3 package and other required PHP extensions.

 sudo apt install software-properties-common 
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
 sudo apt update

After adding the PPA you can now install PHP 7.3 for Nginx by using the following command.

 sudo apt install php7.3-fpm

You can confirm that PHP 7.3 FPM has been successfully installed by using the following command.

 php -v

After, PHP installation please run the following command to install the required PHP Modules for Joomla

 sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php7.3 php7.3-common php7.3-mbstring php7.3-xmlrpc php7.3-soap php7.3-gd php7.3-xml php7.3-intl php7.3-mysql php7.3-cli php7.3-mcrypt php7.3-ldap php7.3-zip php7.3-curl 

Now, you have installed all the required software and the next step is to login to mysql server and create Joomla database. Use following command to create database. Change with your database name.

 CREATE DATABASE  

Create a database user called "" with new password. and granted user full access to the database by running the following commands. Change with your desired database user and with your desired password.

 CREATE USER ''@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY ''; 
 GRANT ALL ON .* TO ''@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '' WITH GRANT OPTION;
 FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;

Next, run the commands below to download and extract the downloaded file and move it into a new Joomla root directory.

 cd /tmp && wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-9-19/Joomla_3-9-19-Stable-Full_Package.zip?format=zip 
 sudo apt-get install unzip
 sudo unzip Joomla*.zip
 sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/joomla
 sudo unzip Joomla*.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla
 sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla/
 sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla/

Now, Lets configure joomla. Open your browser navigate to your domain name to start configuration of Joomla. You should see Joomla installation wizard

  • Fill the form according to your configuration than press next
  • Enter your database configuration and press next
  • Now Install

Congrats! You have successfully installed Joomla on NGINX